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What is OOAD? Critically evaluate advantage of OOAD over structured analysis and design of system.

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Object-oriented analysis and design (OOAD) is a popular technical approach for analyzing, designing an application, system, or business by applying the object-oriented paradigm and visual modeling throughout the development life cycles to foster better stakeholder communication and product quality.

Structured Analysis vs. Object Oriented Analysis

The Structured Analysis/Structured Design (SASD) approach is the traditional approach of software development based upon the waterfall model. The phases of development of a system using SASD are:
  • Feasibility Study
  • Requirement Analysis and Specification
  • System Design
  • Implementation
  • Post-implementation Review
Now, we will look at the relative advantages and disadvantages of structured analysis approach and object-oriented analysis approach.

Advantages/Disadvantages of Object Oriented Analysis

Focuses on data rather than the procedures as in Structured Analysis.Functionality is restricted within objects. This may pose a problem for systems which are intrinsically procedural or computational in nature.
The principles of encapsulation and data hiding help the developer to develop systems that cannot be tampered by other parts of the system.It cannot identify which objects would generate an optimal system design.
The principles of encapsulation and data hiding help the developer to develop systems that cannot be tampered by other parts of the system.The object-oriented models do not easily show the communications between the objects in the system.
It allows effective management of software complexity by the virtue of modularity.All the interfaces between the objects cannot be represented in a single diagram.
It can be upgraded from small to large systems at a greater ease than in systems following structured analysis.

Advantages/Disadvantages of Structured Analysis

As it follows a top-down approach in contrast to bottom-up approach of object-oriented analysis, it can be more easily comprehended than OOA.In traditional structured analysis models, one phase should be completed before the next phase. This poses a problem in design, particularly if errors crop up or requirements change.
It is based upon functionality. The overall purpose is identified and then functional decomposition is done for developing the software. The emphasis not only gives a better understanding of the system but also generates more complete systems.The initial cost of constructing the system is high, since the whole system needs to be designed at once leaving very little option to add functionality later.
The specifications in it are written in simple English language, and hence can be more easily analyzed by non-technical personnel.It does not support reusability of code. So, the time and cost of development is inherently high.
Read more: http://www.tutorialspoint.com/object_oriented_analysis_design/ooad_object_oriented_analysis.htm


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